Sagarmatha National Park, also known as Everest National Park, is situated in the Himalaya of eastern Nepal covers an area of 1148 sq km, which is home to many rare species such as Red Panda, Snow Leopard, and Lesser Panda is precisely located in Solukhumbu district of Nepal. Dominated by the world’s highest peak Mt. Sagarmatha, also known as Mt. Everest (8848 M.) high from sea level, also holds the other seven mountains above (7000 M.). This National Park shares the altitude variations of the world’s only highest Peak Mt. Everest 8848 M to lowest point standing just 2800 M. This National Park is also home to 6000 or so indigenous Sherpa Community with their unique culture and traditions. This National Park was established in 1976 and inscribed as a world heritage site in 1979, since then the number of tourists visiting the region has increased drastically. From roughly 3,500 in 1979 to over 30,000 annual visitors today, the park and its inhabitants have become increasingly reliant on tourism as a means of living. The majority of visitors to the area are people looking to trek to Everest Base Camphor on one of the various other treks in the region, Such as the Gokyo Lakes, Everest View Trek, Everest Three Passes Trek, Gokyo Cho La Pass Trek, Short Everest Base Camp Trek, Pikey Peak Trek. Sagarmatha National Parks’ superlative and exceptional natural beauty is embedded in the dramatic mountains, glaciers, deep valleys, and majestic peaks, including the Worlds’ highest, Mount Sagarmatha (Everest) (8,848 m.). The area is home to several rare species such as the snow leopard and the red panda.
The area represents a significant stage of the Earth’s evolutionary history. It is one of the most geologically interesting regions in the world with high, geologically young mountains and glaciers creating an awe-inspiring landscapes and scenery dominated by the high peaks and corresponding deeply-incised valleys. This park contains the world’s highest ecologically characteristic flora and fauna, intricately blended with the rich Sherpa culture. The intricate linkages of the Sherpa culture with the ecosystem are a significant highlight of the park, and they form the basis for the sustainable protection and management of the park for the benefit of the local communities. The Himalayas are central to the Sherpa community. It has remained not only their home but also the representation of the austere but a content Sherpa way of life. The cultural dimension of the Sherpa community is just as fascinating as the action-packed trails. The Sherpas, avid followers of Buddhism, are religious people and have a well-knit community. The monastery stands as the pillar of harmony and the heart of their culture. It is the sacred string that garlands each Sherpa family into a community. Also known for their warm hospitality, the Sherpas know how to make any visitor feel welcome. Offering ‘khada,’ a scarf made of silk, figurative for respect, and friendship is the Sherpa way of greeting. And the Sherpa tea churned out of fresh Yak milk, only makes you feel warmer and welcoming.It may be easy to generalize every Sherpa or a Sherpini (a female Sherpa) to be a mountain guide, but it is far from reality. Although it is a Sherpa who has climbed Mt Everest the most number of times, every Sherpa is not a mountaineer and not a guide or a porter. A growing number of Sherpas are now in different professions, business, and even politics. However, they shall ever remain an integral part of the Everest region.